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Dan Dungaciu: What is happening there? Identity, democracy and public sphere in the Republic of Moldova
- What is happening there?" is one of the questions most often asked at the beginning of the 90s, when people would talk about Eastern European societies. - What is happening there?" is more than a question: it is also an answer, a gesture of abandonment, slipped -“ and not very subtly -“ inside the very body of the question. - What is happening there?" is the sign of the impossibility to understand or, if you will, of an intuition that what is happening there defies our European rules, our criteria, our framework of understanding and action. You ask this question not necessarily to get an answer, but to point out the fact that you can't even find a satisfactory answer. Sometimes you don't even need to; or, anyway, you don't even try to find one. As a consequence, you act as you are used to, as things are done here, in Europe -“ in the West -“, a describable and predictable place, and not there, and the results can easily be inferred.Too many times have the institutions interested in the Eastern European space acted in this manner. And too many times have the results of this fundamental inadequacy not been the ones expected. They are not today either.
View: english   русский   07.08.2007     // 48.5 Kb   
Iulian Chifu: Between East and West
The Republic of Moldova has, in the last 6 years - as in the whole period of independence -“ the most indefinite and ambiguous policy in the region in relations with Russia and the West. Without being at any moment in a direct and vigorous split from the Soviet past and the former empire relations -“ either economic or political -“ Moldova has played the Western card from time to time. But this game was only apparent and did engage only limited political will, more evident in the PR field, in public statements and limited legislation change than in real reforms and assumed commitments with reflection in the real life.
View: english   русский   07.08.2007     // 56 Kb   
Igor Munteanu: Moldova's road to independence and strive for territorial integrity
The predominance of cultural and identity issues in the crucial first phase of post-communist transition resulted in much valuable time lost and a delay in democratic and economic transformation. The -˜apple of dispute in Moldova was mostly largely the will of the -˜apparatchiks to preserve some of the most odious traits of the former regime: collective farms, state control over economy and centralist rule, in contrast with the Baltic political elites, who saw their primarily task accomplished through their complete elimination. Two more constraints added drama in Moldovas particular case: the secessionist Transnistria and unification with Romania. Lack of an -˜all-national consensus sapped in the last decade most of the political energy and mobilization.
View: english   русский   07.08.2007     // 77.5 Kb   
Ion Marandici: Moldova's neutrality - what is at stake?
The Constitution of the new state, the Republic of Moldova, was adopted in 1994. Article 11 of the Moldovan Constitution proclaimed firstly, the permanent neutrality of the Republic of Moldova and secondly, it stipulated that the Republic of Moldova does not permit the presence of foreign armed forces on its territory
View: english   русский   07.08.2007     // 45 Kb   
Relations with Russia, Ukraine and Romania are of particular importance for the Republic of Moldova. All these countries are among primary foreign economic partners of the Republic of Moldova, they share a common historic past, and two of them -“ Romania and Ukraine -“ are Moldovas only neighbors. Relations with Russia, Ukraine and Romania have a strong influence upon the situation in the Republic of Moldova, as well as upon its foreign policy.
View: english   русский   07.08.2007     // 63 Kb   
Liliana Vitu: Moldova and EU - vagues perspectives and clear shortcomings
The short history of Moldovas relations with the European Union is largely characterised by missed opportunities and sporadic actions on both sides, rather than by engaged (strategic) dialogue. In its first years of independence, Moldova was overwhelmingly neglected by the union, not only because member states had stronger interests in Central Europe or the Balkans, but also because Moldova failed to emerge with a clear European foreign policy, with membership as a strategic orientation and EU member states as strategic partners.
View: english   русский   07.08.2007     // 47 Kb   
Oazu Nantoi: New Initiatives are Key to success in Moldova
Back in 1985, the policy of - Perestroyka" (- rebuilding"), uncovered deep antagonisms within the population of the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic (MSSR). During that period, national intellectual groups declared themselves most clearly, since they perceived the weakening of the Kremlins power as a chance to reunite with Romania -“ in a way similar to what happened in 1918. However, despite wide coverage of the issue in the media, an absolute majority of the MSSRs population was afraid of union with Romania to the point of panic. This easily can be seen in the results of parliamentary elections starting from 1994: out of all political parties which tried to promote unifying with Romania, not a single one has ever crossed the election barrier and obtained a seat in the Parliament.
View: english   русский   07.08.2007     // 37.5 Kb   
Vitalie Ciobanu: Quo vadis, Moldova?
The declaration of independence of the Republic of Moldova on August 27, 1991 represented the expression of the will of freedom of the population, crushed throughout fifty years by the cruel machine of denationalization. Fructifying their right to choose, a mandatory precondition for democracy, the choice of Basarabians seemed to be a natural step at that moment.
View: english   русский   07.08.2007     // 38.5 Kb   
The statute and prospects for economic growth in Moldova
In fifteen years of independence, the economy of the Republic of Moldova has not managed yet to become an engine of development for the country that is disintegrated, not competitive and without a clear concept for development. This period was not enough to strengthen the institutions specific to the market economy, and those that were set up represented the effects of external pressures and not of the internal needs.
View: english   русский   07.08.2007     // 43.5 Kb   
Vlad Spanu: Conflict in Moldovas Eastern Region of Transnistria: what is the way out?
Assuming Russia plays a positive role and cooperates with the European Union and the United States in solving the Transnistrian conflict, Moldova could become a positive example for solving the frozen conflicts in the post-Soviet region. A unified, stable, predictable, and democratic Moldova could benefit all parties involved, including Russia, Ukraine, and the West. But most importantly, it will benefit people of Moldova leaving on the both banks of the Nistru River.
View: english   русский   07.08.2007     // 47 Kb   
Between neutrality and reform: Moldovas bid towards EU integration
How to measure neutrality? Most of the countries that have originated from the USSR still bear many distinct elements in common, such as, the -˜weak state syndrome, partial or procedural democratic institutions, centralized systems of government, or underperforming economies, and last but not least, a deep sense of insecurity, which describe probably to its utmost the fragility of transition in an unsecure environment. I would certainly state from the beginning that the lack of security and appropriate mechanisms of protecting democratic standards throughout the territory that belongs to the Moldovan sovereignty, is perhaps the most important obstacle to domestic reforms in Moldova.
View: româna   english   14.07.2007   MUNTEANU Igor   // 71.5 Kb   
If one would ask us to define what the state of democracy today in Moldova is, the answer will be probably that it depends very much on whom we ask, and on which standards of comparison are being used. If we are comparing the existing institutional format with that of the USSR, Moldova has made a great deal of changes after 1991, but if we are comparing with what our neighbors succeeded in the last 5 years then, of course, the general picture is blurred if not really frustrating. The Romanian and Bulgarian examples testify that political will and European aspiration serve as an excellent pair of ingredients to the tranformation of state, while countries which are defined as -šnew neigbours of EU include peculiarities that still hinder decentralised government, local autonomy, and whose well estalbished legislation is often a misleading factor to understand the realities in place.
08.01.2007   MUNTEANU Igor