Home / REGULAR PUBLICATIONS / Columns / International experts on the security of Republic of Moldova. Today: Professor Stefan Troebst
Moldova as a NATO Member
The Russian military intervention of August 2008 in Georgia and even more so Moscows justification-”- securing the human rights of citizens of the Russian Federation residing in South Ossetia and Abkhazia"-”has demonstrated that the concept of a -˜Near Abroad is not just idle talk but can become a harsh reality. This casts another light also on the conflict over the Dniester valley in Moldova where Russia is present in many ways: in the form of the remnants of the former 14th Soviet Guard Army, as so-called Peacekeeping Forces in the Security Zone along the river, and by many of her own nationals in the administration, military, economy, and population of the self-proclaimed -˜Dniester Moldovan Republic (-˜DMR). In diplomatic terms turning the -˜DMR into another Abkhazia or even a second Kaliningrad Oblast would be a rather easy task for the Putin-Medvedev administration in Moscow, and in military terms the Army of Moldova would be no match for Russias armed forces.
Although for the time being this worst-case scenario is not an imminent one the integration into a military alliance system is a vital security interest of Moldova. Next to a bilateral alliance with neighboring Ukraine-”which also is worried by Moscows machinations in and around Tiraspol, not to mention the Crimea and the Donbass--NATO membership is the most promising option. This for at least three reasons: First, Moldova has a long common border with the NATO member Romania; secondly, the hotspot in the Dniester Valley with its Russian involvement is of primary interest to NATO, not the least due to its geographic proximity to NATO territory; and thirdly, Moldova is not bordering Russia as do, e.g., Georgia and the Ukraine.
Professor Stefan Troebst