Saturday, May 26, young Leaders from the Political Learning School presented the results of their internship activities performed in 5 regions of Moldova. Thus, they analyzed the actual situation in different communities, presented relevant statistical data and tried to formulate recommendations to solve identified local problems.
The group that had Riscani - Glodeni as the target region identified which are policies and measures that are made for the national minorities inclusion in the north region of the country, which, according to 2004 census consists of 21.1% of Ukrainian and 2.6% of Russian and, analyzed the existing situation in the region. The group members have found from the research that in this region there is no policy document which regulates the protection and the inclusion of national minorities, civil servants demonstrated in this sense,a bureaucratic attitude towards the demands of young leaders. "These policies doesn’t guarantee that everything will be fine. But this is a commitment, a vision of local representatives", said Veceaslav Botnari.
Mixed schools were another issue discussed by group members, who said that this kind of schools would be an optimal solution for the inclusion of minorities in Moldovan society. Nowadays, in this region are registered 11 with teaching in Russian, one institution with Ukrainian language and only three mixed institutions, with teaching in Romanian/Russian. However, in many of these institutions, basic disciplines are in Romanian and, residents also have the opportunity to study the language at a special center created in Riscani. Following the findings, members of the group made several recommendations for local authorities, including: implementation of local programs and policies aimed for inclusion and cooperation between ethnic minorities and, encouraging initiatives for collaboration between different ethnicities. "The successful development of the Republic of Moldova is possible by a successful collaboration between society, regardless of ethnicity, age or gender," said George Riciu, one of the group member.
About the inclusion of young unemployed in community activities in the south-west regions of Moldova spoke Liuba Chirilov, representative of the 4th group of the internship program. She reported about the employment situation of young people in the work field, unemployment causes and weaknesses of the regional employment system work. For example, in Cantemir region, in April 2012, according to the NEA (National Employment Agency) for 33 jobs compete 336 unemployed. Among causes and gaps of the system the group representative mentioned the following: the low information, ineffective educational system, unattractive offer, inadequate resources and capacities. Among the proposals suggested by the group aimed to improve the situation of young people unemployed in the south - western region are included the creating of training and professional integration services, organization of job fairs, the record of unemployed young people, including the obligation of employers to hire young professionals, who would represent around 25% of all employees.
Those who reported about citizen participation in local government activities in the Comrat - Taraclia region were young people from the 3rd working group. The aim of these was to identify the major factors that hinder citizens to participate more actively in local authorities activities, making in this sense, a sociological research from which they identified several important issues. Young people also discussed with representatives of 15 local NGOs and representatives of local authorities.
As a result of the research, youth group leaders have found that 61% of people Comrat are considered active citizens, but 18% are involved in the implementation of programs initiated by the authorities. As about NGOs in the region, their representatives said that the local government supports their initiatives. Authorities argue that, in some cases, the projects undertaken by NGOs do not correspond with City Hall interests. NGOs carry out more projects related to democracy, but the City Hall claims that it needs infrastructure and economic development projects. Moreover, in 2010 was created the NGO Partnership Council for the Comrat’s local development. Projects implemented in this region should be monitored and evaluated to know how effective and sustainable they are, said Ana Taban, a member of the group.
A more sensitive topic was the integration of children with disabilities in the region Ialoveni – Anenii Noi in undergraduate schools after introducing the concept of inclusive education. Group members analyzed the situation of children with disabilities and changes that have occurred as a result of the inclusive education. "We can analyze this problem at package. Every disabled child has its own needs", said Ion Ciobanu. We mention that in Ialoveni region live 25 children with disabilities that learn an equal basis with others. Some children are included in adoptive families or in family – type homes, special schools are optimized, and between NGOs and public authorities exists a close partnership regarding the development and implementation of social inclusion of this category of children. Among the solutions proposed by the group are: responsibilization of parents and teachers, adaptation an individualized curriculum and showing an understanding attitude toward these children.
Young leaders will carry on the next internship where they will try to apply the most effective recommendations and solutions proposed in this practical exercise.
Material prepared by Veverita Ana - Maria, Project Assistant, Institute for Development and Social Initiatives (IDIS) „Viitorul”, phone: 221844, e-mail: email@example.com